Genus & Species: Rosa spp.
Overview: The term rose refers to a group of perennial bushy shrubs that carry a fragrance so captivating, they have found themselves a prominent place within cultures across Europe and Asia. There are a number of different species of rose but R. gallica, R. centifolia, and R. damascena are the forms most commonly cultivated. While the constituents of the different species vary somewhat, their energetic properties and therapeutic actions are largely the same.  Rose is said to have a significant cooling action, making it an ideal herb to treat parts of the body that commonly suffer from conditions due to excessive heat, including the skin, eyes, and digestive tract. Rose also has a profound ability to soothe a heavy heart and calm a restless mind.  Modern scientific research has found rose to have an extensive effect on the central nervous system, offering neuroprotective, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, and analgesic benefits.
Therapeutic Properties: Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antitussive, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, anxiolytic, antioxidant, bronchodilator, astringent, neuroprotective, nervine
Typical Uses: The ways in which rose can be used are incredibly diverse. When rose petals are steam-distilled one of the byproducts of the process is hydrosol. This fragrant water can be misted directly onto the body or added to a bath to take advantage of rose’s calming effects on the skin and mind. With rose hydrosol’s simultaneous astringent and hydrating properties along with its ability to reduce the inflammation caused by acne, it is truly nature’s toner. [2.3] Rose petals can also be steeped in hot water for a delicious floral tea with heart-calming and stomach-soothing properties. 
1. Rose - A Medicinal Herb | Herb Federation of New Zealand
2. The Blissful Benefits of Rose | Lotus Blooming Herbs™
3. Pharmacological Effects of Rosa Damascena | PubMed Central®